The phonetic alphabet is a list of words used to identify letters in a message transmitted by radio, telephone and encrypted messages. Spoken words from an approved list are substituted for letters. For example, the word “Navy” would be “November Alfa Victor Yankee” when spelled in the phonetic alphabet. This practice helps to prevent confusion between similar sounding letters, such as “m” and “n”, and to clarify communications that may be garbled during transmission.
To prevent confusion, the Navy uses a standard system for pronouncing numerals. The following list shows how numerals (numbers) are spoken: